Planning with Electric Vehicle
Electrification in transportation sector has an immense potential for enhancing India’s sustainable growth. Battery and electric vehicles (EVs) have started playing a vital role in offering better environmental and energy issues. The growth in EV will develop a reliable network of EV charging almost everywhere. EVs are gaining popularity due to reduced harmful exhaust emissions. This will lead to better air quality which will reduce health related problems. These are also quieter than petrol/diesel vehicles in terms of noise pollution. Electrifying buses, car and taxis are replacing rapidly conventional gasoline operated vehicles.
Electric vehicles and associated utilities are promoting charging infrastructure and required buildings and parking facilities both to support EVs. China is leading all across the world in terms of new sales with 142,445 electric vehicles purchased in the first quarter of 2018. Sales of electric cars in UK have gone up by 11% over last year.
It is anticipated that there will be an addition of 30 % two-wheelers and four-wheelers in India by 2030. Therefore we have to identify additional requirements on existing power grids if we have to look forward to launch EVs on roads. For instance, short-range vehicles like e- rickshaws or personal cars could be charged at home by using a stable and reliable power supply. As per NITI Aayog, India can save 64% of anticipated transport related energy demand and 37% of carbon emissions in 2030 electric connected mobility. This would result in a drastic reduction of 156 million tonnes of oil equivalent of petroleum. By this way we will be able to save approximately 3.9 lakh crore in 2030. A great effort towards 5 trillion economies indeed.
UP designates Varanasi,Lucknow,Prayagraj,Kanpur,Mathura,Ghaziabad,Merrut and Noida as ‘Model Electric Mobility Cities’ aiming 1 million EVs including 1000 buses by the year 2030.There will be 100% waive off registration fee and road tax for the first 100000 purchase of EVs. A policy has been rolled out that aims to attract investment worth 40000 crore into EVs manufacturing by 2024.
Such robust charging infrastructure could be the key to enhance EV sales in India. In 2016, India had fewer than 500 EV charging stations in cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru and Kolkata. But by 2030, a city like Delhi could require around 300,000 such charging stations. There will be huge infrastructure need with the investment of around $1-1.5 billion to meet the requirement. Last but not the least, I think there will be potential requirement of Electrical Engineers who are looking for a bright future.